The British workplace has numerous problems which need to be addressed for future generations entering the labour market.
Low pay is a major issue; however, Britain has a higher rate of employment than many other countries with higher wages. Therefore more people are in jobs. Employers are reluctant to pay higher wages because of a lack of investment from workers, in part due to less career progression, and a lack of skills.
The new Living Wage to become effective in April 2016 should see people becoming more invested in their jobs and productivity should increase. However, this may have the effect of people losing jobs because higher productivity means that less people are required to complete the job. Older workers are also likely to be replaced for under 25s who will not receive the Living Wage.
More people are turning to self-employment and something needs to be done in order to allow these people access to some of the rights and benefits of employees, e.g. sickness benefit, pensions.
It is difficult to measure productivity in care professions and so it is uncertain how an increase in wages would impact in healthcare. The number of self-employed or casual workers within healthcare is increasing and so the focus of how to engage these workers and provide them with adequate work rights is of great importance.